Fire Modeling Services Framework (FMSF)







Fire Modeling Services Framework (FMSF) is an Application Programming Interface (API) for machine to machine (or system to system) connections with a web-service/REST architecture. The FMSF provides hosted wildland fire behavior and effects models and tools for use within other systems or applicationsThe FMSF provides users with improved performance, consistent data, and faster analysis results. In addition, it reduces Information Technology (IT) development and maintenance needs by hosting the models/tools in one service instead of each system/application independently building and maintaining the same models/tools.

Figure 1. Representative view of the Fire Modeling Services Framework (FMSF) and hosted models/tools.

The FMSF is part of a shift to a service-oriented architecture in wildland fire management IT. FMSF hosts authoritative models/tools in a central location (Figure 1) that supports 99% uptime reliability, fail-over capability and zero downtime with updates and upgrades. The vision of the future for FMSF is that researchers and scientists will have a place to evaluate, refine, and test wildland fire models and tools in a cloud environment and assist with transfer of science and technology into the user community.


The FMSF was released in 2022, initially available to the Interagency Fuel Treatment Decision Support System (IFTDSS) and the Wildland Fire Decision Support System (WFDSS). Access by other applications may happen in the future. This first release includes the following wildland fire behavior and effects models:

  • Basic (aka FlamMap)
  • MTT (Minimum Travel Time)
  • RANDIG (Random Ignition)
  • FARSITE (Fire Area Simulator)
  • FSPro (Fire Spread Probability)
  • Spatial FOFEM (First Order Fire Effects Model) – Tree Mortality
  • Spatial FOFEM – Consumption and Emissions


The FMSF is not able to do all of this modeling work by itself. The FMSF has partnered with LANDFIRE and the Fire Environment Mapping System (FEMS) to provide independent data services needed to run the models or tools available in the FMSF (Figure 2). Landscape data (gridded fuels and topography) for running the models is acquired via the LANDFIRE Product Service. FEMS will provide data required to define fire environment inputs for modeling via gridded and Remote Automated Weather Station (RAWS) weather data. This FEMS body of work is not in place as of 2022 but work is being done toward the goal of having it available in 2023. 

Figure 2. The Fire Modeling Services Framework (FMSF) is one of many services used by applications to run fire behavior and effects models. Specific to fire behavior and effects modeling, landscape data comes from the LANDFIRE Products Service (LFPS), and eventually fire environment data from the Fire Environment Mapping System (FEMS).


Document Downloads

Briefing Paper


Help Content/References

Overview Webinar



Henry Bastian, Project Manager, DOI Office of Wildland Fire

Reggie Goolsby, Technical Lead, USFS Wildland Fire Management RD&A

Nicole Vaillant, Technical Lead, USFS Wildland Fire Management RD&A

Jim Riddering, Subject Matter Expert, USFS Wildland Fire Management RD&A